1807 – 52nd – 2nd Bn 52nd with the troops under General harry Burrard, landed about 8 miles from Copenhagen (Denmark).
1884 – 2nd Bn Oxf LI – Sailed from Queenstown (Ireland) on H.M.T Orontes on route to Gibraltar (arrived 20th August).
1917 – 2nd Bn OXF & BUCKS LI – LE PREOL.
During the period 14-19 the regiment was employed on various working and carrying parties, most unsatisfactorily administered.
1917 - Battle of Langemarck (Third Ypres)- 1/4th Bn, 1/1st Bucks, and 6th Bns Oxf & Bucks LI actively engaged; 5th Bn Oxf & Bucks LI also present.
1917–1/1st Buckinghamshire Battalion – ST JULIEN.
(Ref Map Sheet 28 NW 1/10,000 ST JULIEN)
A, B, & D Coys formed up W of STEENBEEK by Zero. Only one casualty.
C Coy late owing to above mentioned Lewis Gun limbers & heavy enemy shelling which they encountered on way up.
The Battalion in four waves-each Company on a two platoon front.
A Coy on Left & B Coy on Right forming 1st two waves
C Coy on Left & D Coy on Right forming 2nd two waves
Battn HQ at C12C03.
1/5th GLOSTER REGT on Right
1/4th OX & BUCKS LI on Left
1/4th R BERKS REGT in Support.
1st Wave-HILLOCK FARM & line of gunpits to its Right.
2nd Wave-GREEN LINE (SPOT FARM –SPRINGFIELD-LANGEMARK RD)
3rd Wave-RED LINE
4th Wave-BLUE LINE
Right Coy – STROPPE FARM
Left Coy – GENOA & HUBNER FARM
NARRATIVE Soon after leading Company (A) reached its Forming Up Position W of STEENBEEK, enemy commenced to shell ground about 150 yards behind. To keep all companies clear of this, the leading companies were sent forward close to the stream.
Two leading Companies (A & B) crossed stream at Zero -7.
1 Platoon “C” Coy arrived about this time.
Remaining 3 platoons did not arrive until Zero +20 & losing direction to the Left were so far as this Battn was concerned, NO further assistance in the attack.
The Right of the leading wave lost a few men from our own barrage, but this lifted before they could reach the ridge E of STEENBEEK and they came under heavy Machine Gun fire while topping the ridge.
This fire was very rapidly reinforced by considerable rifle fire from trenches to the sides and front of numerous concrete blockhouses out of which the MGs were firing.
The leading wave of the Right Company was almost entirely annihilated by this fire.
The second wave closed up & engaged the enemy with fire, while parties worked around the flanks.
But the enemy kept up a very strong resistance & until the 3rd wave joined in & closed on them with a rush they showed no signs of giving in.
After this charge, there was a short bout of hand to hand fighting before the enemy in & around one house put up their hands. This was at about 6am.
After this the other garrisons soon followed suit.
The Left leading company met with less resistance at first but after going about 150 yards E of the STEENBEEK, they came under a very heavy cross fire from machine Guns at a distance & the first wave reached the gun pit line with about 16 men.
The second wave closed up but the left platoon was absolutely stopped by fire from the Left gun pit, & a trench immediately NE of it, also from MAISON DU HIBOU & TRIANGLE FARM.
The Right half of the second wave went right through , passing SE of HILLOCK FARM apparently taking with them the remains of the Right Platoon of the 1st wave, altogether about 25 strong & reached SPRINGFIELD & road to left of it about 6.45am.
Several of these were seen to fall in route especially by line of gun pits around C.12.a.8.7. Six of our men were seen at SPRINGFIELD about 9am & four were seen led away by Germans about 9.30am.
At about 7am, Battn HQ moved forward to blockhouses at C12a51.
At that time situation was as follows.
(a) CAPT PULLMAN, 2LT REEVES with about 25 men & 2LGs holding line from C.12.c.96 – 78
(b) about 15 men & 1 Lewis Gun C12c65-58
(c) about 20 men astride road in neighbourhood of HILLOCK FARM
(d) 1 Offr & 6 OR in GUNPIT C.12a.3.4
(e) 4 men under a Cpl at C.12a.62.45
(f) about 25 men & 1 Lewis Gun reported to have got through to SPRINGFIELD
2LT PASSMORE although slightly wounded was commanding Left half of line &
On the Right it was impossible to get on as there was a large sheet of water in front & the ground all round was little short of a morass, with a blockhouse & gunpit the far side held by enemy Machine Guns & a number of snipers.
Every attempt at movement resulted in casualties.
2LT JOHNSTON was seriously wounded here in trying to get touch with this party of D Coy. Several attempts were made to get forward on the Left but all were stopped by enemy MG fire.
At this time there was no connection with the Battalions on either flank.
About midday casualties from enemy snipers & MG on the left had become so numerous that we were forced to withdraw from HILLOCK FARM & take up a position immediately to the South of it.
This proved to be but a slight improvement as enemy fire from TRIANGLE FARM & MAISON DU HIBOU never stopped shelling the TRIANGLE FARM – ST JULIEN ROAD & the ground to either side of it.
Finally at dusk after an enemy counter attack the Left withdrew to a line C12a23 – C.12.a.7.2 – C.12.c8.8.
The Right consolidated their position consisting of a disused trench.
By evening it was evident we did not hold SPRINGFIELD any longer. A patrol set out to get there during the night but lost their way.
ENEMY COUNTER ATTACKS
About 8am the enemy were seen to be coming over the ridge N of SPRINGFIELD in threes & fours & dropping into a trench just SE of Xroads C.6.d.2.1. This continued for some time.
About 9am two or three lines of men came over the ridge & moved down towards TRIANGLE FARM.
There was also an attempt made to reinforce the gun pit opposite our Right.
By this time a Vickers Gun had been mounted on top of one of the blockhouses close to Battn HQ & two others arrived about this time & were quickly got into action in a trench about C.12.a.3.0.
All available men round Battn HQ were sent up to reinforce the men around HILLOCK FARM.
1 platoon 4 R BERKS was asked for & put into positions about C.12.a.2.5 to protect Left flank. This platoon were in position by 10am.
Our fire stopped the enemy advance about TRIANGLE FARM & after about 20 minutes many of them were seen returning over the ridge.
About 7.30pm the enemy attempted to rush the gunpits at about C.12.a.2.4 but were stopped & suffered heavily.
At 9.30pm he again attacked from direction of TRIANGLE FARM & rushed our posts with bombs, succeeding in driving them in.
The night passed without further incident.
Enemy could not be said to have put down a barrage, but a few minutes after Zero, the shells (chiefly 5.9”s) which had been bursting behind us appeared to shorten range & burst on both sides of the STEENBEEK, but casualties from shell fire NOT numerous.
Ground Very Wet.
Lewis Guns especially got V muddy & in some cases unworkable.
Barrage had NO effect on concrete blockhouses, which had NOT previously been knocked down by heavies.
A large number of Germans had been killed.
Enemy belonged to 7th BAVARIAN INF REGT.
About 80 prisoners (wounded & unwounded)
1 Field Gun
3 Machine Guns
Strength of Battn (Bayonets) before going into action
Bn HQ 7 42
A Coy 3 148
B Coy 3 148
C Coy 3 142
D Coy 2 152
OFFICERS: KILLED=1. WOUNDED=8
OTHER RANKS: KILLED=43. MISSING=49. WOUNDED=188.
WOUNDED (slightly remained at Duty=5
1917 – 1/4th (TF) Bn, Oxf & Bucks LI – STEENBEEK.
At 4 am. all companies reported in position on assembly and direction tapes, laid W. of STEENBEEK, in accordance with brigade orders.
Dispositions: C company on Right and D on Left forming two leading waves; behind them A and B companies respectively forming third and fourth waves. Each wave in two lines.
On Right flank 1/1st Bucks Bn;
On Left, 11th Bn MANCHESTER REGT of INF. BDE 34.
Four objectives assigned:
First, strong point W. of ST JULIEN – LANGEMARCK road;
Second, LANGEMARCK – WINNIPEG road between C.6.d.2.1 and C.6.c.4.9;
Third, LANGEMARCK trench system between C.6.d.9.4 and C.6.b.9.8;
Fourth, outpost line from latter point to HUBNER FARM.
Two tanks to cooperate in attacking strong points. Wet ground resulted in non-appearance
4.45AM - The attack started promptly at 4.45 am. our men advancing behind a strong artillery barrage. Little opposition, beyond slight rifle fire on assembly positions, until first wave had advanced 200 yards E of STEENBEEK when it came under effective machine gun fire from MON DU HIBOU and Right flank.
Reinforced by rear waves advance continued until stopped about 100 yards S of a line through MON DU HIBOU and TRIANGLE FARM by deadly machine gun and rifle fire. Protected by strong concrete shelters the enemy maintained their fire while our own barrage passed over them.
Most of the twelve company officers became casualties in attempts to get forward.
We settled down to hold the ground gained on a line C.5.d.9.1 to C.12.a.4.9.
Attack on Right and immediate Left equally held up; farther Left it progressed somewhat. The enemy barrage fell after the attacking waves crossed STEENBEEK. It was directed with particular severity against ALBERTA FARM, cutting of communications for several hours.
Day bright and clear.
Pack animals with consolidating supplies arrived early but failure of advance Left R.E. parties at a standstill.
At 7.30 pm. a company of 1/7th Bn WORCESTERSHIRE REGT In reserve attacked MON DU HIBOU but failed to capture it.
1917 – 6th (S) Bn Oxf & Bucks LI – Capture of LANGEMARCK (YPRES)
4.15AM. Zero hour fixer for 4.45. a.m. on the 16th, and precisely at that hour the 11th R.B’s. put up a smoke barrage on AU BONGITE and rushed forward to the assault and our first wave moved out and got well under the barrage, which started just on the far side of BONGITE.
At the same time the remainder of the leading Coy’s. successfully crossed the STEENBEEK on the portable bridges which had been laid for the purpose during the night.
A & B Coy’s. had been detailed to take the first objective (the blue line,) and C & D Coy’s the second objective (the green line)
The two left Companies met with the most opposition, as they not only had to get past AU BONGITE but also other strong positions on their front, including the Blockhouse marked A on sketch – They also had the worst ground to advance over, the mud in places being fearful.
The first objective was reached with trifling loss to the first Companies.
When the time came to move forward to the 2nd objective (the Green Line) D Coy. got up there to time and with little loss, C Coy. were somewhat late, but the whole was eventually carried and consolidation rapidly proceeded with.
After the capture of the Blue Line a forward Runners Post was made at Blockhouse “A” and a forward Battalion H.Q. was subsequently established there.
The barrage appears to have worked excellently throughout.
5PM. About 35 prisoners were taken at AU BONGITE and a similar number at Blockhouse A.
8PM. An enemy counter-attack was reported to be developing about 5 p.m. and about 8 p.m.
Orders were received from the Brigadier to place a Ccompany at the disposal of the C.O. 12th K.R.R.C. in the “Red Line”
Our “C” Coy. was accordingly sent as soon as it was dusk and filled the gaps in the K.R.R. line and remained there for the two following days.
1917 – 7th (S) Bn Oxf & Bucks LI – To Front Line SELEMLI DERESI (SALONIKA)
1944 - 2nd (Airborne) Bn, Oxf & Bucks LI – LE MESNIL.
Bde reported that there was a strong possibility that the enemy might be withdrawing and that we were to carry out active patrolling and be prepared to follow them up. The Comd Offr returned from the Div Battle Drill School as Ouistreham and reassumed comd of the Regt.
1944 – 1st Buckinghamshire Battalion (Normandy):-
The draft went off in high spirits in transport supplied once again by the 51st Division, quite unperturbed by the drenching they had received the previous night. Although watching one's own battalion being drafted away can never be a pleasant sight, it was most heartening to see the excellent spirits and bearing of the men—now, alas, stripped of the familiar red and black chevrons and badges. The 51st Division were undoubtedly receiving a first-class reinforcement.
AM - Informed by 1 Corps that we are to be allowed to retain minimum cadre of 5 offrs and 100 ORs.
1100 - Draft goes off in good spirits to 1st Bn Black Watch Regt.
1400 - Conference of Coy Comds etc to discuss minimum cadre.
1500 - Informed by 1 Corps that we are to be allowed to retain 12 vehs and adm eqpt only, remainder to be handed in. Minimum cadre statistics issued to all coys.
PM - Major H.H.H. Boehm officially appointed A/Lt Col in command of Bn w.e.f. 4 Aug 44, ie date of casualty of Lt Col E.A. Carse.